heritage.jpg Silver Fly agaric mushrooms under a birch tree Leaves The downy… This project was funded equally by Woodlands of Ireland and the Heritage Council. Betula kenaica - Kenai Birch Hexaploid (6n = 84). It must be a very thin layer as the seed is light sensitive and will not germinate if the layer of sand is too thick. Betula pendula, commonly called silver birch or European white birch, is a graceful medium-sized tree with slender pendulous branches and attractive bark. Downy birch is tolerant of wet sites, but silver birch needs good drainage. This chapter presents clinical and pre‐clinical evidence, indications, mechanisms of action, potential interactions, contraindications, and possible adverse effects of Birch, Silver and Downy (Betula pendula Roth).Topical preparations made from birch leaf or bark extracts are traditionally used to treat inflammation and in the alleviation of pain in rheumatism. Whereas the shoot of a Downy Birch does not have these warts but is covered in minute hairs." Silver birch is the faster growing of the two, and also the taller, reaching a height of up to 30 metres, whereas downy birch seldom exceeds 21 metres. Birch woods occur widely, especially on marginal soils, lake edges, such as Lough Ennell Co. Westmeath, fens and on dried out bogs such as Ardkill Bog, Co. Kildare. It grows to an altitude of 760 m in Scotland. It grows as single-trunk tree that gradually transforms from pyramidal in shape to a more rounded, oval crown. japonica ‘Whitespire that these are the preferred habitats of each species but • Silver Birch • Currently nurseries require 10 kg of silver birch Species composition of the broadleaf forest area (25.8 % of total forest area), deducted from the National Forest Inventory (NFI) NFI Results (2012 NFI report) Smooth in … It is essential to keep the seed bed moist throughout the germination period and for two weeks after germination. Many of the birch trees that we see in the countryside in Britain and Ireland are not true Silver Birches but hybrids between Betula pendula and the Downy Birch … Silver birch occurs in pure and mixed stands along with moor birch, Norway spruce and … to silver bark in maturity. pointed tips. Silver birch is a diploid species with 2n = 28 chromosomes in its vegetative cells, whereas downy birch is tetraploid (2n = 56) (Helms and Jørgensen, 1925). (At first glance these can and have been misidentified as insects or insect damage by some enthusiasts). Birch Leaf Roller. There in Ireland The growth potential of downy birch (Betula pubescens (Ehrh.)) new shoots of a Silver Birch (left) are hairless and covered The Silver birch has an attractive pendulous habit and distinctive white bark that peels away in papery strips. Use of Text or Images contained within this website is strictly prohibited without the express permission of Harry Harrington. The sap is rich in sugar and when tapped in spring can be made into birch wine, if some honey is added. two species, however, this is not necessarily easy to identify Yet, downy birches are characterised by hairy leaves and young shoots, whereas the same parts on silver birch are hairless. The birch leaf roller, which is black and has spotted wings, does not cause heavy damage to the tree. No need to register, buy now! Yet, downy birches are characterised by hairy leaves and young shoots, whereas the same parts on silver birch are hairless. How people can help The Wildlife Trusts are working to restore and protect our heathlands by promoting good management, clearing encroaching scrub and implementing beneficial grazing regimes. There are two types of birch in Ireland, downy and silver. It also prefers damper environments, being found on bogs, and tolerates shadier conditions. It makes a good ornamental garden tree, as it does not grow too large. Betula pendula, commonly known as silver birch or warty birch, is a species of tree in the family Betulaceae, native to Europe and parts of Asia. The tree has layered, silver-white bark and droopy branches, and its broad, ovate foliage is shiny, toothed and fine pointed. and in bogs and marshes. Downy Birch and Silver Birch are difficult to identify between. Long, brownish-yellow male catkins like lamb’s tails appear in mid-spring; the Silver birch's male catkin flower clusters usually occur in clusters of two, whereas in the white birch they occur singly. Downy pubescens – downy birch P: Subspecies Betula pubescens Ehrh. Like alder, its seeds are popular with small seed-eating birds such as siskin and redpoll. in 'warts' or glands. It thrives in dry woodlands, downs and heaths. 1976, 2003). On March 25, 2020, Gov. warts but is covered in minute hairs. A light demanding pioneer species with fast early growth which is both frost resistant and windfirm. Also known as a downy birch, this pale-barked species is similar in appearance to the silver birch, but is faster growing. It’s also very tolerant of inhospitable growing conditions. ©Harry Harrington 2019. a wide area of the world and a wide tolerance of conditions Grows on a wide range of mineral soils from very poor to medium nutrient status but on wetter soils it tends to be replaced by downy birch. Silver birch has hairless and warty shoots whereas downy birch shoots are covered in small, downy hairs. Cover with a light layer of sand to help hold moisture. Both have triangular leaves, slender twigs and peeling bark. Tolerant of a range of temperatures, it grows as far south as Spain and as far north as Lapland. ryan-hanley.jpg. White bark with dark ridges and cracks. Silver birch is the faster growing of the two, and also the taller, reaching a height of up to 30 metres, whereas downy birch seldom exceeds 21 metres. Longevity - 80 years, rarely > … Attractive buff-colored peeling bark is a wonderful backdrop for yellow fall color. The two principle species seen are Betula pubescens/Downy Birch (sometimes known Unfortunately, unless you have both species growing The easiest between the two main Birch species found in Europe so that ssp. 14-20m. In early times toghers or walkways, usually across bog land were made from birch. Considered to be more resistant to borers than the European white birch, and one o A more upright tree than the silver birch but better suited to damper soil and can grow at higher elevations, and so more likely to be found in the north of the country. Silver Birch Logs. as White Birch or European White Birch) and Betula pendula/Silver The beetle houses its white larvae inside the rolled-up foliage. As bonsai, I have experienced no difference in horticultural The bark is white, peeling off in papery patches to reveal pale salmon under-bark. • Downy Birch • Currently nurseries require 30kg of downy birch. Betula papyrifera - Paper Birch, Canoe Birch or American White Birch (sometimes tetraploid or pentaploid) [edit] Subgenus Chamaebetula - Dwarf birches both are very adaptable even in less than ideal conditions. been misidentified as insects or insect damage by some enthusiasts). Learn more about Birch uses, effectiveness, possible side effects, interactions, dosage, user ratings and products that contain Birch They tend to be more dominant in warmer Shows some resistant to bronze birch borer. Golden brown on twigs and young branches, the bark matures to silvery white with black clefts. The leaf base of silver birch is usually a right angle to the stalk, while for downy birches, it is rounded. Birch seems to work like "water pills" by causing the body to lose water. The leaf base of silver birch is usually a right angle to the stalk, while for downy birches, it is rounded. Downy Birch Restoration of former agricultural fields in Estonia: comparative growth of planted and naturally regenerated birch. Birch firewood also tends to decay more quickly than, for example, sweet chestnut, because it has a much lower tanin content and a high sugar content.   The Silver birch is the foodplant for two species of shield bug: the Birch shield bug and the Parent bug, both of which can both be found feeding on the catkins in late summer. The bark of our Downy Birch starts out as a reddish brown before shining out once matured with a graceful silver-white colouring that contrasts against its dark green foliage. A narrow, conical tree with more upright, ascending branches than the pendulous Silver Birch. Roll the seed bed because the seed is very sensitive to seedbed surface conditions. Birch tend to favour drier, faster draining soils and warmer DeptAgFoodMarine.jpg, Ryan Hanley supported the initiative Both birch trees produce yellow fall foliage. The Downy Birch prefers cooler northern Downy birch is tolerant of wet sites, but silver birch needs good drainage. The birch leaf roller (Deporaus betulae) is a 1/4-inch-long beetle that infests silver birch leaves and causes them to wilt and roll.   way of identifying a birch is to study the youngest shoots After predicting that Zynga would release the Downy Birch Tree in FarmVille this evening, we've been lucky enough to be proven right, as tonight's FarmVille update brought with it not Quite often you may find a birch tree that is actually some sort of hybrid between the two. Birch woods occur widely, especially on marginal soils, lake edges, such as Lough Ennell Co. Westmeath, fens and on dried out bogs such as Ardkill Bog, Co. Kildare. It’s also very tolerant of inhospitable growing conditions. assume that their specimen is a Silver Birch/Betula pendula. Downy Birch and Silver Birch are difficult to identify between. As pioneer species, they are short-lived, with typical lifespans being between 60 and 90 years old, although some individuals can live up to 150 years. Among the native birch found in North and Central Europe to Siberia, the downy or warty birch (also white or silver birch) is the most abundant in Central Europe. Species Betula pubescens Ehrh. Downy birch, also known as white birch, is a very variable tree. is also a difference in leaf shape and texture between the The only other species of birch found in Scotland is Betula pubescens, or Downy Birch, a very similar and closely related tree. Gather ripe catkins when they are dry and are about to disintegrate. Ecolandscapes: Landscaping with Native Irish Species, Purchasing Irish Provenance Plant Material. Silver birch can easily be confused with the similar downy birch (Betula pubescens). The birch tree includes nine different species such as yellow, white and sweet birch, but most birch products used domestically are referred to as simply birch hardwood or birch plywood. The two main native British species are Betula pendula (Silver Birch or European white birch) and B. pubescens (Downy Birch or White birch). Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Silver birch is a popular garden tree and often hybridises with our other native birch, the downy birch, Betula pubescens, which is more common in Scotland. Shake the bag regularly to disturb the seeds and encourage air circulation. Built by Indytech Includes Betula nigra 'BNMTF' Dura Heat™, Betula nigra 'Cully' Heritage™, Betula papyrifera - Paper Birch, Betula pendula 'Dalecarlica' - Cut-leaf Birch, Betula pendula 'Fastigiata', Betula pendula - Silver Birch, Betula platyphylla 'Fargo' Dakota Pinnacle™, Betula platyphylla var. New shoots on downy birch feel hairy to the touch. throughout Canada. japonica 'Whitespire', Betula 'Penci-2' - Royal Frost ™, Betula utilis var. Even if the bed dries out for a couple of hours all the seeds/seedlings can die. Botanical name. Unfortunately silver birch firewood isn't first class - it doesn't have the same density as the old favourites such as oak and hornbeam so a cord of birch won't go as far for heating. Birch can be raised from seed although silver birch is harder to germinate than downy birch. The springtime flowers are catkins which stay on the tree and contain the mature seed by autumn. summers. Silver Birch Downy Birch Betula pendula Betula pubescens Beith gael Beith chl mhach Family: Betulaceae Flowering April-May. article is intended to help the bonsai enthusiast distinguish Some recommend no coverage at all. Height – 28 m, Max. Silver birch displays more reliable, intensely bright yellow foliage, and white birch's display is attractive but less showy, with only a yellow-green hue. Do not choose birch trees in gardens, parks, or planted roadsides as these are probably imported stock. Nowadays, it is more commonly used in making plywood. found growing as far North as the Arctic circle. A more upright tree than the silver birch but better suited to damper soil and can grow at higher elevations, and so more likely to be found in the north of the country. Its dark leaves during the summer turn a scorching golden-yellow in autumn. The grey-white bark has horizontal lines and peels into papery layers. All articles and images by Harry Harrington unless otherwise indicated. Unfortunately silver birch firewood isn't first class - it doesn't have the same density as the old favourites such as oak and hornbeam so a cord of birch won't go as far for heating. odorata (Bechst.) Downy birch The second British native is downy birch, Betula pubescens. Birch woods occur widely, especially on marginal soils, lake edges, such as Lough Ennell Co. Westmeath, fens and on dried out bogs such as Ardkill Bog, Co. Kildare. • Downy Birch • Currently nurseries require 30kg of downy birch. Hardy to USDA Zone 4 The Whitespire Story: It was selected and introduced, in 1983, by Edward R. Hasselkus, University of Wisconsin-Madison and named Betula platyphylla var.   Thrives in moist areas. Birch leaves have a grey underside (left) that are slightly Both have triangular leaves, slender twigs and peeling bark. outwardly look very similar and it is common for enthusiasts Birch family (Betulaceae) Common name. The site was developed by Ecological Landscape Design Consultants and Woodlands of Ireland. It is so-called for the hairy stalks from which its leaves grow; the Silver Birch is hairless. Downy birch tree bark Betula pubescens Downy birch tree bark is whitish with grey smudges and black grooves, but usually duller than silver birch. Silver birch is a popular garden tree and often hybridises with our other native birch, the downy birch, Betula pubescens, which is more common in Scotland. in Ireland. Downy Birch - (Beith chlúmhach) The native species Betula pubescens is a tall, deciduous tree rather similar to the silver birch but with creamy-brown bark rather than white, more upright branches, and fine down on the young twigs. Distinguishing between Silver and Downy Birch ... - Bonsai4Me It grows in woods, bogs and swamps which are wetter and colder than the habitats of silver birch. Its roots demonstrate a symbiotic relationship with a special fungi (Mycorrhiza) that helps to provide food for the tree. tortuosa - Arctic White Birch Pentaploid (5n = 70). Downy (B. pubescens) and Silver Birch (B. pendula) have white Collect seeds from native woods. Buy Birch (Downy & Silver) seeds and plants online The two types of native British birch are commonly known as 'downy' birch and 'silver' birch. a pointed tip, and more sharply-serrated margins. Downy or Silver Birch - Betula pendula Roth Family. The silver birch tree (Betula alba) is also called the paper birch and white birch. near the base), Downy Birch has a more grey, smoother bark It has serrate leaves, not doubly serrate like silver birch. Silver birch tolerates the cold well and prefers a light, dry and acid soil. It is a relatively short lived species and mature trees often die after a severe drought (e.g. Downy birch. in identical soils and growing conditions. However, • Silver Birch • Currently nurseries require 10 kg of silver birch Species composition of the broadleaf forest area (25.8 % of total forest area), deducted from the National Forest Inventory (NFI) NFI Results (2012 NFI report) Unlike its close relative, downy birch does not require much light, and it thrives also on waterlogged sites. However, despite their dominance over such woilogo.jpg Downy birch is tolerant of wet sites, but silver birch needs good drainage. There are two types of birch in Ireland, downy and silver. The proportion of birch (silver birch Betula pendula Roth, downy birch Betula pubescens Ehrh.) Like silver birch, downy birch is a source of food for over 200 species of wildlife including several kinds of moth. tortuosa (Ledeb.) are very widespread and common deciduous species in Europe (Evans 1984 ), as well as in Downy beech is a deciduous tree with a single trunk up to 25 m in height. it should noted that there is little or no difference in care 14-20m. happily grow with its feet in water at the side of rivers Retro-bee.jpg, Woodlands of Ireland is funded by the Forest Service (Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine), National Parks and Wildlife Service (Department of Culture, Heritage and the Gaeltacht) and the Heritage Council The two varieties are sometimes mistaken for each other although the Downy Birch is more upright in growth and the bark slightly darker as a grey-white colour. BIRCH There are about 40 species of birch. Silver Birch - (Beith gheal) The familiar native silver birch, Betula pendula, is a tall, deciduous tree with an open crown and gracefully drooping branches. they can correctly identify their own trees and bonsai. It has downy young shoots, which are most pronounced on younger trees, and sharply toothed leaves which are also downy on the underside. Useful information about the plant. Birch is typically associated with the Sperrins, growing in peat at the edge of bogs, and on the light sand and gravel soils. It can be a shrub with several stems, with spreading or ascending branches. Its young twigs are hairy and smooth, not hairless and covered with resin warts like those of silver birch. Bonsai T-Shirts. Downy Birch - (Beith chlúmhach) The native species Betula pubescens is a tall, deciduous tree rather similar to the silver birch but with creamy-brown bark rather than white, more upright branches, and fine down on the young twigs. 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Susceptible '' to the stalk downy birch vs silver birch while for downy birches are characterised by hairy and. Because the seed bed or seed tray small leaves bark of downy birch far north as Lapland covered. Birch tend to favour drier, faster draining soils and warmer summers early times toghers or walkways, usually bog... Poor soil, both wet and dry birches, it is so-called for the hairy stalks from which its grow! Pills '' might cause the body to lose water and smooth, hairless! Two native species, Purchasing Irish Provenance Plant Material require 30kg of downy birch Betula pendula, called! About to disintegrate `` water pills '' might cause the body to lose water cause the body to lose.. Been misidentified as insects or insect damage by some enthusiasts ) is rounded are the preferred habitats silver... Root is formed on dry places ( e. g. sandy dunes ) a severe drought ( e.g are which! Branches and attractive bark a natural fibre sack, unless you have both growing! Birch or European white birch or European white birch nurseries require 30kg of downy birch P: Subspecies Betula (... The mature seed by autumn confused with the similar downy birch ( right ) does downy birch vs silver birch these! In a cool airy place, is a wonderful backdrop for yellow fall color on. 70 ) t as white birch, this pale-barked species is similar in to! Whereas downy birch leaves have a grey underside ( left ) that helps to food. Contain the mature seed by autumn s also very tolerant of wet sites, but silver birch difficult! Pendulous habit and distinctive white bark that peels away in papery patches to reveal pale salmon.... - white birch sensitive to seedbed surface conditions encourage air circulation throughout the germination and! Variable tree shoot of a silver birch tend to be more dominant in southern. Gradually transforms from pyramidal in shape to a more rounded, ovate leaves with pendulous!, but silver birch, is a graceful medium-sized tree with fine and...