Ground-level ozone is the main constituent of smog.Ozone can be beneficial or harmful, depending on its location. Headline : BASICS: About Smog Details : SMOG The word "smog" is an amalgam of the words "smoke" and "fog. Thinner contains organic solvents (volatile organic compounds), unused correction fluid thickens over time as volatile solvents escape into the air. UPSC Daily Current Affairs | Prelim Bits 26-06-2020 Water Electrolysis Researchers from the IIT- Madras are collaborating with their ... (NOx), other volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and gases in the air under the influence of sunlight and heat. Another issue was a defunct volatile organic compound (VOC) detection system at the plant. Building material, Microorganisms, Fungi, MVOC, Reactive compounds INTRODUCTION Over 300 volatile organic compounds (VOCs) have been identified in indoor air and the main sources are human activities or emissions from building products (Ezeonu et al. 4 months. The impact zone has been in the range of 2-3 kilometres. All the Best!) A survey by MPCB in 2014 had found the presence of 21 volatile organic compounds in Mahul. Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) are a large group of carbon-based chemicals that easily evaporate at room temperature. The primary difference that lies between these organic compounds and inorganic compounds is that organic compounds always have a carbon atom while most of the inorganic compounds do not contain the carbon atom in them. Date-wise Current Affairs. It emits large amounts of toxic pollutants in the atmosphere which contain harmful gases like methane, carbon monoxide, volatile organic compounds (VOC) and carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. I have the distinction of clearing all 6 UPSC … TVOC Total volatile organic compounds UPSC Uppsala University culture collection of fungi VOC Volatile organic compound WHO World Health Organization WP Wood preservatives . Essay on Air Pollution: Air Pollution can be defined as the presence of toxic substances in the air in such a concentration that can be hazardous to humans and their surroundings.These toxic particles are commonly known as pollutants. If IAS is your destination, begin your journey with Santosh Sir. June 26, 2020. "Smog is produced by a set of complex photochemical reactions involving volatile organic compounds (VOCs), nitrogen oxides and sunlight. GS 1. There is no monitoring mechanism installed to specifically detect styrene. Smog is a harmful mixture of fog, dust and air pollutants such as nitrogen oxides, volatile organic compounds, etc. Context: The India State-Level Disease Burden Initiative published a scientific paper on Tuesday on the health and economic impact of air pollution in Lancet Planetary Health, which documents the trends in health loss due to air pollution and its economic impact in every state of India. Global map : maximum ozone concentrations (CREDIT : … Photochemical smog is the chemical reaction of sunlight, nitrogen oxides and volatile organic compounds in the atmosphere, which leaves airborne particles and ground-level ozone. Air is a mixture of different gases.It contains oxygen, Nitrogen, Argon, Carbon dioxide and traces of some inert gases. The only silver lining for India though is that it has managed to reduce the number of people exposed to household air pollution. UPSC Daily Current Affairs | Prelim Bits 26-06-2020. iasparliament. Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) VOCs including hydrocarbons (CxHy) but also other organic chemicals are emitted from a very wide range of sources, including fossil fuel combustion, industrial activities, and natural emissions from vegetation and fires. 1514. Certain types of volatile organic compounds can also be emitted from natural sources, such as trees. Farm fires have been an easy way to get rid of … Subject: Environment. Benzene: Found in petrochemicals and used as a fuel additive Air pollution: Stubble burning releases toxic pollutants like Methane, Carbon Monoxide (CO), Volatile organic compound (VOC) in air. 4. Click on ‘Start Test’ button to start the Quiz. This is a part of our recently launched, NEW INITIATIVE IASbaba’s INTEGRATED REVISION PLAN (IRP) 2020 – Road Map for the next 100 Days! It states that sources of air pollution such as industry, vehicles, power plants, etc., are not permitted to release particulate matter, lead, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxide, volatile organic compounds (VOCs) or other toxic substances beyond a prescribed level. This test is Rated positive by 90% students preparing for UPSC.This MCQ test is related to UPSC syllabus, prepared by UPSC teachers. In damp buildings some of these compounds can be of microbial origin. It can be curtailed only if gases from all sources are controlled. Smog is a mixture of air pollutants—nitrogen oxides and volatile organic compounds—that combine with sunlight to form ozone.Ozone can... INDIAN PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY UPSC IASNETWORK , April 14, 2020 April 14, 2020 , MAINS CURRENT AFFAIRS , MAINS CURRENT AFFAIRS , UPSC … Air above the earth exerts a force on earth’s surface which is called atmospheric pressure.. Atmospheric pressure decreases with altitude. O 2, N 2 and CO 2 are directly or indirectly useful to all living organisms. Daily Quiz: UPSC Prelims Marathon – January 11, 2019. which combine with sunlight to form a dense layer of ground-level ozone. Long-term exposure can cause serious damage to the liver and other organs. Photochemical smog was first described in the 1950s. GK, General Studies, Optional notes for UPSC, IAS, Banking, Civil Services. For Previous Static Quiz (ARCHIVES) – CLICK HERE DAILY STATIC QUIZ will cover all the topics of Static/Core subjects – Polity, History, Geography, Economics, Environment and Science and technology.. The ‘good’ ozone present … Ozone is not directly emitted by any source but is formed by photochemical reactions between oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and other volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and gases in the air under the influence of sunlight and heat. It is the chemical reaction of sunlight, nitrogen oxides and volatile organic compounds in the atmosphere, which leav. Volatile organic compounds. There is a revenue village and the facility is surrounded by residential areas, resulting in a higher rate of gas exposure. They are known to degrade air quality. These are said to be one of the large class of members. It can become too … Volatile organic compounds are also emitted by motor vehicles, as well as by oil and gas extraction and processing and other industrial activities. Also, it leads to a spike in Particulate Matter levels, contributing between 12 and 60 percent of PM concentrations. Some anthropogenic VOCs such as benzene are known carcinogens. Dec 25,2020 - Environmental Pollution | 10 Questions MCQ Test has questions of UPSC preparation. Ozone present high in the atmosphere is good, but when nearer to … It also contains water vapour. It helps to control the virus, bacteria, and other fungal infections in a closed environment and could help purify the air and disinfect areas around COVID-19 positive cases and suspects. GK Articles, News, Current Affairs, Trivia Questions and Updates about Volatile organic compound for students and aspirants of UPSC, Civil services and other competitive examinations. Daily Quiz: January 11, 2019. Formaldehyde causes irritation to the eyes and nose and allergies. What is PM2.5? Air. GS Strategies to Crack UPSC; Optional Strategy. Microbial Irritations in eyes, skin, nose, and throat. Dr. Manishika Jain explains Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) - Indoor Pollutants. Air Pollution: Open stubble burning emits large amounts of toxic pollutants in the atmosphere which contain harmful gases like methane (CH4), Carbon Monoxide (CO), Volatile organic compound (VOC) and carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. The ‘good’ ozone present in the earth’s ozone layer … ... (NOx), other volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and gases in the air under the influence of sunlight and heat. (File) THE National Green Tribunal on Friday imposed a fine of over Rs 286 crore in damages on four companies, including Bharat Petroleum (BPCL) and Hindustan Petroleum (HPCL), holding them responsible for the “gas chamber”-like conditions in Mumbai’s Ambapada, Mahul and Chembur. ... (CO2, N2O, CH4), air pollutants (CO, NH3, NOx, SO2, non-methane hydrocarbons (NMHC), ozone, volatile organic compounds), particulates matter and smoke thereby … Online Crash Course for UPSC PRE Exam Printed Study Material for UPSC Pre General Studies (Paper-1) << Go Back to Main Page 1994). The study of organic compounds is termed as organic chemistry and the study of inorganic compounds is inorganic chemistry. UPSC Prelims 2019 – Answer Key, Sources, Sample Solutions and Controversial Questions – Part II. It also decomposes gaseous pollutants like Carbon Monoxide (1000 times more harmful than Carbon dioxide), Nitrogen dioxide, and Volatile Organic Compounds. UPSC Prelims 2019 Ecology and Environment Answer Key With Explanations - UPSC Insight. Daily Current Affairs; Daily Newsticles; PIB Summary for UPSC; RSTV/LSTV/AIR Summaries; Current Affairs Subject-wise. Volatile organic compounds are also emitted by motor vehicles, as well as by oil and gas extraction etc. Public Administration Optional Strategy; Psychology Optional Strategy; CURRENT AFFAIRS. Key Features Created by the National Environmental Engineering Research Institute and IIT,Bombay, the air purification units convert pollutants like PM2.5 and PM2.10 particles, volatile organic compounds, and carbon monoxide, into carbon dioxide using a filter. Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) are a large group of carbon-based chemicals that easily evaporate at room temperature. For example, formaldehyde, which evaporates from paint, has a boiling point of only –19 °C. Out of these pollutants, oxides of Carbon, Nitrogen, and Sulphur are particularly harmful. Written by: ForumIAS Posted on January 11th, 2019 Last modified on January 11th, 2019 Comments. ... 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